Pharmacy Students: Year 4: Research Resources

Information resources selected for year 4 Pharmacy students.

Literature Databases

Literature databases provide access to scholarly, popular, and proprietary literature relating to drug therapy, drug development, economic and policy issues relating to drugs, results from clinical trials, and related information.


Pharmacist's Letter

Pharmacist's Letter is provided free to students enrolled in US Schools of Pharmacy.

Visit the signin page and input the required information to activate your free account.

Citation Style for Pharm Ds

The Pharm D program has adopted AMA style, 11th ed., for references and citations in written work, unless otherwise specified. Read the Quick Guide for formatting in-text references and citations for commonly used publication types. For more help, view the full AMA Manual of Style or contact the library.

Evidence-Based Clinical Databases

Evidence-based clinical databases provide summarized, graded evidence to inform clinical practice.

Exact coverage varies by database, but generally includes overviews of diseases and clinical guidelines.


National Guideline Clearinghouse will no longer be available after July 16 2018. There is no replacement product with the scope and depth of NGC. Use one or more of these sources to identify and access full-text guidelines.

Professional groups, non-profit organizations, and government agencies often develop guidelines and make them available freely on their websites. Search or browse groups like the World Health Organization, U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, U.S. Veterans Health Administration, or U.S. Preventive Services Task Force. Use Google to find additional groups focused on your specialty.

Drug Information Databases

Drug information databases provide access to information about drugs.

Exact coverage varies by database, but includes topics such as dosage and administration, mechanism of action, pharmacokinetics, contraindications, and pill ID.

Need More?

The Norris Library maintains additional research guides focused on a specific topic. Browse our list of health sciences research guides to find useful resources to support research and learning on all health sciences topics.