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APA Style 7th Edition: Citing Your Sources

Provide guidance on APA format style based on the 7th edition of the APA Publication Manual.

Standard Format

Data Sets








Author, A. A. & Author, B. B.

Name of Group



 (range of years). 

Title of data set (Version #) [Data set].

Title of data set [Unpublished raw data].

[Description of untitled data set] [Unpublished raw data].

Publisher Name.

Source of Unpublished Data.


Retrieved Month date, year, from https://xxxx

Adapted from American Psychological Association. (2020). Publication manual of the American Psychological Association (7th ed).

Formatting Rules

  • Provide a retrieval date only if the data set is designated to change over time
  • Date for published data is the year of publication
  • Date for unpublished data is the year(s) of collection
  • If version number exists, include in parentheses after the title

Various Examples


Data Set

Cohen, M. A., & Miller, T. R.  (1991). Cost of mental health care for victims of crime in the United States (ICPSR 6581, Version V1) [Data set].  ICPSR.

Unpublished raw data

Evans, S. K. (2014).  [Personnel survey] [Unpublished raw data].  University of Southern California.

See Ch. 10 pp. 313-352 of APA Manual for more examples and formatting rules