Skip to Main Content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.

APA Style 7th Edition: Citing Your Sources

Provide guidance on APA format style based on the 7th edition of the APA Publication Manual.

Standard Format

Data Sets








Author, A. A. & Author, B. B.

Name of Group



 (range of years). 

Title of data set (Version #) [Data set].

Title of data set [Unpublished raw data].

[Description of untitled data set] [Unpublished raw data].

Publisher Name.

Source of Unpublished Data.


Retrieved Month date, year, from https://xxxx

Adapted from American Psychological Association. (2020). Publication manual of the American Psychological Association (7th ed).

Formatting Rules

  • Provide a retrieval date only if the data set is designated to change over time
  • Date for published data is the year of publication
  • Date for unpublished data is the year(s) of collection
  • If version number exists, include in parentheses after the title

Various Examples


Data Set

Cohen, M. A., & Miller, T. R.  (1991). Cost of mental health care for victims of crime in the United States (ICPSR 6581, Version V1) [Data set].  ICPSR.

Unpublished raw data

Evans, S. K. (2014).  [Personnel survey] [Unpublished raw data].  University of Southern California.

See Ch. 10 pp. 313-352 of APA Manual for more examples and formatting rules