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APA Style 7th Edition: Citing Your Sources

Provide guidance on APA format style based on the 7th edition of the APA Publication Manual.

Standard Format








Periodical Information


Author, A. A. & Author, B. B.

Name of Group

Author, C. C. [username]



(year, month).

(year, month date). 

Title of article: Use sentence case.


Title of Periodical, #(#), #-#. 

Title of Periodical, #(#), Article 9739. 

Title of Periodical.



Adapted from American Psychological Association. (2020). Publication manual of the American Psychological Association (7th ed).

Formatting Rules

The following formats apply to all journals, periodicals, magazines, newspapers, etc. whether you found them in an online database, search engine, or in print.

  • Volume, issue and page numbers in periodicals:  Continuous pagination throughout a volume: only cite the volume number (in italics), followed by a comma and then the page numbers: 20, 344-367.
  •  Do Not copy and paste URLS from library databases or other platforms that restrict public access.

Various Examples


Journal article with doi

Fink, J., & Hummel, M. (2015). With educational benefits for all: Campus inclusion through learning communities designed for underserved student populations. New Directions for Student Services, 2015(149), 29–40.

Journal article without doi

Savage, T. (2007). Relationship between assault frequency and length of hospitalization in older patients with dementia: Determining the maximum benefit of inpatient treatment. Journal of Gerontological Nursing, 33(4), 13–20.

Electronic journal article with 21 or more authors

Wiskunde, B., Arslan, M., Fischer, P., Nowak, L., Van den Berg, O., Coetzee, L., Juárez, U., Riyaziyyat, E., Wang, C., Zhang, I., Li, P., Yang, R., Kumar, B., Xu, A., Martinez, R., McIntosh, V., Ibáñez, L. M., Mäkinen, G., Virtanen, E., . . . Kovács, A. (2019). Indie pop rocks mathematics: Twenty One Pilots, Nicolas Bourbaki, and the empty set. Journal of Improbable Mathematics, 27(1), 1935–1968.

Electronic articles that are periodically updated with shortened URL Winkleman, J. W. (2019).  Overview of the treatment of insomnia in adults.  UpToDate.  Retrieved February 6, 2020, from

Article without DOI

Land, H. (1994). AIDS and women of color. Families in Society, 75(3), 355-361.

Online newspaper article

Logan, T. (2014, December 21). Highland Park residents feel the squeeze of gentrification. The Los Angeles Times.

Print newspaper article

Born, R. (2018, November 27).  Was the life of the ‘influencer’ really for me?  The Daily Trojan, pp. 5, 7. 

Online magazine article

Park, A. (2018, December 1).  The future of HIV treatment might not involve pills.  Time.

Print magazine article

Quittner, J. (1998, June 15). Tell the kids to fib: A U.S. agency says laws are needed to protect children’s privacy online. Time, 151, 86.

Drug database with publication date (such as Micromedex or Lexicomp Lexi-comp. (2019, June 6). Drospirenone. In Lexi-comp.
Drug database without publication date (such as Micromedex or Lexicomp) Micromedex. (n.d.). Glipizid. In Micromedex. Retrieved June 18, 2019,
Article from the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews Murphy, E., Froggatt, K., Connolly, S., O'Shea, E., Sampson, E. L., Casey, D., & Devane, D. (2016).  Palliative care interventions in advanced dementia.  Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews.
Blog post Morton, S. (2020, January 12).  A midlife crisis or a midlife unraveling?  PsychCentral.
Comment on online article or post Jane.  (2020, January 15).  Amen to all of this.  I am experiencing midlife as a transition not unlike that from childhood to adolescence.  I [Comment on the article "A midlife crisis or a midlife unraveling?"].  PsychCentral.

See Ch. 10 pp. 313-352 of APA Manual for more examples and formatting rules