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APA Style 7th Edition: Citing Your Sources

Provide guidance on APA format style based on the 7th edition of the APA Publication Manual.

Standard Format

Book & Reference Works






Publisher Information


Author, A. A. & Author Surname, B. B.

Name of Group

Editor, E. E. (Ed.)

Editor, F. F. (Eds.)


Title of book: Use sentence case. 

Title of book (# ed., Vol. #)

Title of book [Audiobook].

Title of book (E. E. Editor, Ed.).

Title of book (T. Translator, Trans.; N. Narrator, Narr.).


Publisher Name. 

First Publisher Name; Second Publisher Name.



Edited Book Chapters and Entries in Reference Works






Edited Book Information


Author, A. A. & Author, B. B.

Name of Group



Title of chapter.

In E. E. Editor (Ed.), Title of book (pp. #-#).  Publisher Name.

In E. E. Editor & F. F. Editor (Eds.), Title of book (# ed., Vol. #, pp. #-#).  Publisher Name.





Adapted from American Psychological Association. (2020). Publication manual of the American Psychological Association (7th ed).


Formatting Rules

  • Italicize book titles
  • Utilize sentence case for book titles:
    • First word of the title and first word of the subtitle capitalized
    • Capitalize proper nouns
    • Every other word is lower case
  • Shorten long URLs or DOIs: When a DOI or URL is long or complex, you may use shortDOIs or shortened URLs if desired. Use the shortDOI service provided by the International DOI Foundation ( to create shortDOIs.
  • Reference works includes: dictionaries, encyclopedias, and diagnostic manuals.
  • eBooks do not include platform, format or device
  • Audiobooks include the narrator and audiobook notation.

Various Examples


One author

Richardson, V. (1999). Teaching gerontological social work: A compendium of model syllabi. Council on Social Work Education.

Multiple authors

Shonkoff, J., & Phillips, D. (2000). From neurons to neighborhoods: The science of early childhood development. National Academy Press.

Organization/corporation as author

American Psychological Association.  (2020).  Publication manual of the American Psychological Association (7th ed.).

Chapter from an Edited Book

Rappaport, B. A. (1999). On-site school-based mental health clinics: 15 years of experience in Orange County, California. In A.H. Esman, & L. T. Flaherty, (Eds.), Adolescent psychiatry: Development and clinical studies, (pp. 91-100). The Analytic Press.

Print Dictionary

Merriam-Webster.  (2005). Merriam-Webster's collegiate dictionary (11th ed.).

Online dictionary Merriam-Webster.  (n.d.). dictionary.  Retrieved March 3, 2020, from
Entry in dictionary, thesaurus, or encyclopedia, with individual author LLC (n.d.). Hyperboreal.  In  Retrieved March 10, 2020, from
Multiple volumes from a multi-volume work (use Vols. for multiple)

Wilson, C., Thomas, J., & Abadie, A. (2006). The new encyclopedia of Southern culture (Vols. 1-24). University of North Carolina Press.

Single volume from a multi-volume work (Use Vol. for single)

Wilson, C., & Mohr, C. (2011). The new encyclopedia of Southern culture (Vol. 17: Education). The University of North Carolina Press.

Edition other than the first

Adams, M. (2013). Readings for diversity and social justice (3rd ed.). Routledge Taylor & Francis Group.

Article in a reference book

Allen, A. L. (2004). Privacy in health care. In S. G. Post (Ed.), Encyclopedia of bioethics (pp. 111-122). Macmillan-Thomson.

Translation of works

Piaget, J., & Inhelder, B. (1969).  The psychology of the child (H. Weaver, Trans., 2nd ed.).  Basic Books.  (Original work published 1966)

Authored audiobook without a DOI, with nondatabase URL Reid, K.  (2019).  Such a fun age (N. Lewis, Narr.) [Audiobook].  Penguin Audio.

Chapter in an edited e-book without page numbers

Bronk, K. C., & Baumsteiger, R. (2017).  The role of purpose among emerging adults.  In L. M. Padilla-Walker & L. J. Nelson (Eds.) Flourishing in emerging adulthood: Positive development during the third decade of life.  Oxford University Press.  

DSM-5 eBook version

American Psychiatric Association.  (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th ed.).


See Ch. 10 pp. 313-352 of APA Manual for more examples and formatting rules