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USC Shoah Foundation Visual History Archive: VHA Citation

Established in 1994 to preserve the audio-visual histories of survivors and other witnesses of the Holocaust, the USC Shoah Foundation maintains one of the largest video digital libraries in the world: the Visual History Archive (VHA).

Recommended Citation

While the elements may be adjusted for specific needs, we recommend that citations of Visual History Archive testimonies include:

1) The author - in this case, the name of the interviewee(s).

2) The title (without quotation marks) - the word "Interview" and the interview code number.

3) The title of the website (italicized) - Visual History Archive.

4) The publisher or site sponsor - USC Shoah Foundation.

5) The year of publication - in this case, the year that the testimony was recorded.

7) The date of access - when the researcher accessed the testimony.

8) To cite the specific moments of the testimony, please use either the segment numbers or the relevant tape number and time-codes.

 

For example:

 

MLA

Birnhak, Rinah. Interview 49926. Segments 6-10. Visual History Archive, USC Shoah Foundation, 1999. Accessed 12 May 2016. 

Birnhak, Rinah. Interview 49926. Tape 1. 5:12-9:36. Visual History Archive, USC Shoah Foundation, 1999. Accessed 12 May 2016. 

 

APA

Birnhak, R. (1999). Interview 49926. Segments 6-10. Visual History Archive, USC Shoah Foundation. Retrieved May 12, 2016.

Birnhak, R. (1999). Interview 49926. Tape 1. 5:12-9:36. Visual History Archive, USC Shoah Foundation. Retrieved May 12, 2016.

Visual History Archive Curator

Crispin Brooks's picture
Crispin Brooks
Contact:
DML 232, 213-740-5463
Website