The mass killing of 650,000–over 1 million people, ethnically defined as Tutsi, in Rwanda between April 7 and July 19, 1994, implemented against the backdrop of civil war by Hutu extremists who seized power after former president Habyarimana was killed in a plane crash. Victims of the genocide also included tens of thousands of so-called Hutu in opposition to the Hutu extremists. The mass murder was the climax of a larger postcolonial history of Tutsi persecution by the Hutus, who shared language, culture and religion, but had been earlier constructed as different groups by the Belgian colonial power.
The Visual History Archive contains the testimonies of 135 witnesses of the 1994 Genocide Against the Tutsi in Rwanda. They were recorded in Rwanda and the United States between 2004 and 2019 by the Kigali Genocide Memorial Center, USC Shoah Foundation (15), Holocaust Museum Houston, and for the documentary film "The 600: A Soldier's Story." The interview languages are Kinyarwanda, English, or French; all the Kinyarwanda testimonies have English subtitles. For more information on this collection, please see the USC Shoah Foundation website.
Selected Indexing Terms
attitudes toward Burundi and/or Burundians
Bisisero Hills Massacres (April-June 1994)
childhood anti-Tutsi experiences
Coalition Pour la Défence de la République
Death of President Juvénal Habyarimana (April 6, 1994)
Ecole Technique Officielle and Nyanza Massacre (April 11-12, 1994)
Forces Armées Rwandaises soldiers
Gatwaro Stadium Massacre (April 18-19, 1994)
Kibuye Catholic Church and Home St. Jean Massacre (April 17, 1994)
Ntarama Church Massacre (April 15, 1994)
Nyabarongo River (Rwanda)
post-Rwandan Tutsi Genocide reflections
Radio Télévision Libre des Mille Collines
Rwanda 1994 (April 7 - July 19)
Rwandan Patriotic Army
Rwandan Patriotic Front
Rwandan Tutsi Genocide faith issues
Rwandan Tutsi Genocide preparation awareness
Rwandan Tutsi Genocide-related psychological reactions
Saint Famille Church (Kigali, Rwanda)
school anti-Tutsi prejudice
Tutsi persecution bystander responses
Tutsi property attacks
Tutsi-non Tutsi relations
United Nations Assistance Mission for Rwanda
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