The mass killing and deportation of the Armenian population of the Ottoman Empire organized by the Young Turk regime during World War I, especially in the years 1915 and 1916 but continuing thereafter. The genocide led to the death of 1-1.5 million Armenians, the forced conversion of many others and the expulsion of the majority of Armenians from their ancestral lands. Preceded by earlier mass violence in 1894-1896 and 1909, the Armenian Genocide was also part of a broader campaign of violence by Ottoman authorities against non-Muslim minorities that included the Assyrians, Greeks, and Yezidis.
The VHA currently contains over 600 interviews relating to the Armenian Genocide. These include 333 filmed interviews recorded by filmmaker J. Michael Hagopian and the Armenian Film Foundation (AFF) in 1975-2014. A further 267 audio interviews belong to the Richard Hovannisian Oral History Collection, recorded between 1970 and 1999.
These interviews comprise the following different interviewee experience groups:
While the Hovannisian Collection was almost entirely recorded in the United States, the AFF collection has interviews recorded in multiple different countries: Armenia, Australia, Austria, Canada, France, Germany, Greece, Italy, Lebanon, Syria, Turkey, United States, and United Kingdom.
Armenian Genocide testimonies comprise various languages: Arabic, Armenian, English, French, German, Greek, Kurdish, Spanish, and Turkish.
Selected Indexing Terms
Adana Massacres (April 14-17 and April 25-27, 1909)
Armenian Apostolic Church
Armenian Apostolic clergy
Armenian armed forces
Armenian Catholic Church
Armenian Earthquake (December 7, 1988)
Armenian Evangelical Church
Armenian Genocide awareness (1915-1923)
Armenian Genocide denial
Armenian Genocide faith issues
Armenian Genocide history
Armenian Genocide indifference/ignorance
Armenian Genocide testimony sharing reluctance
Armenian Genocide testimony-sharing willingness
Armenian Genocide-related psychological reactions
Armenian persecution awareness (pre-1915)
Armenian resistance fighters
Armenian resistance groups
Battle of Gallipoli (February 19, 1915 - January 9, 1916)
Battle of Sardarabad (May 21-29, 1918)
Battle of Sarıkamış (December 22, 1914 - January 17, 1915)
Boghos Nubar Pasha
Committee of Union and Progress
Coolidge, John Calvin
Defense of Van (April 7 - May 6, 1915)
Great Fire of Smyrna (September 13-22, 1922)
Hagopian, J. Michael
Hamidian Massacres (1894-1896)
King–Crane Commission (1919)
Lloyd George, David
Morgenthau, Henry Sr.
Musa Dagh Resistance (1915)
Near East Relief
Ottoman armed forces
Ottoman Empire history
Ottoman government officials
post-Armenian Genocide awareness (1923-)
post-Armenian Genocide documents and artifacts (stills)
post-Armenian Genocide family photographs (stills)
post-Armenian Genocide photographs (stills)
post-Armenian Genocide reflections
pre-Armenian Genocide documents and artifacts (stills)
pre-Armenian Genocide family photographs (stills)
pre-Armenian Genocide photographs (stills)
Sultan Abdul Hamid II
Turkish government officials
United States government officials
Wilson, Thomas Woodrow
Young Turk Revolution (July 1908)
Akçam, Taner and Ümit Kurt. The Spirit of the Laws: The Plunder of Wealth in the Armenian Genocide. New York: Berghahn Books, 2015. Print.
Akçam, Taner. A Shameful Act: The Armenian Genocide and the Question of Turkish Responsibility. New York: Metropolitan Books, 2006. Print.
Akçam, Taner. From Empire to Republic: Turkish Nationalism and the Armenian Genocide. London: Zed Books, 2004. Print.
Dadrian, Vahakn N. and Taner Akçam. Judgment at Istanbul: The Armenian Genocide Trials. New York: Berghahn Books, 2011. Print.
Dadrian, Vahakn N.. The History of the Armenian Genocide: Ethnic Conflict from the Balkans to Anatolia to the Caucasus. Providence, RI: Berghahn Books, 1995. Print.
Dadrian, Vahakn N.. Warrant for Genocide: Key Elements of Turko-Armenian Conflict. New Brunswick, N.J: Transaction Publishers, 1999. Print.
Göçek, Fatma M.. Denial of Violence: Ottoman Past, Turkish Present, and Collective Violence against the Armenians, 1789-2009. Oxford : Oxford University Press, 2015. Print.
Hovannisian, Richard G.. Looking Backward, Moving Forward: Confronting the Armenian Genocide. New Brunswick, N.J: Transaction Publishers, 2003. Print.
Hovannisian, Richard G.. The Armenian Genocide: Cultural and Ethical Legacies. New Brunswick, N.J: Transaction Publishers, 2007. Print.
Kevorkian, Raymond. The Armenian Genocide: A Complete History. London: I.B. Tauris, 2011. Print.
Kevorkian, Raymond. “The Extermination of Ottoman Armenians by the Young Turk Regime (1915-1916).” Online Encyclopedia of Mass Violence. 3 Jun. 2008. Web.
Suny, Ronald G., Fatma M. Göçek, and Norman M. Naimark. A Question of Genocide: Armenians and Turks at the End of the Ottoman Empire. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2011. Print.
Suny, Ronald G.. "They Can Live in the Desert but Nowhere Else": A History of the Armenian Genocide. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2015. Print.
Üngör, Uğur U. and Mehmet Polatel. Confiscation and Destruction: The Young Turk Seizure of Armenian Property. London ; New York : Continuum, 2011. Print.