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Systematic Reviews (in the Health Sciences)

Guidance for conducting health sciences systematic reviews.


Steps for Appraisal

  1. Each included study is  appraised/assessed for quality independently by at least two reviewers. 
  2. Many SR teams also assess the strength of the entire body of evidence using the GRADE approach.

Each study needs to be appraised based on study type. This page includes common quality assessment and risk of bias tools for different types of studies. You can find more examples in published systematic reviews and via a Google search.