What is the definition of a disability?
According to the Americans with Disabilities Act as Amended (ADAAA 2008), an individual with a disability is someone who experiences or lives with an impairment that substantially limits one or more major life activities, or who is regarded as, or has a history of being regarded as, an individual with a disability.
Major life activities include, but are not limited to, caring for oneself, performing manual tasks, seeing, hearing, eating, sleeping, walking, standing, lifting, bending, speaking, breathing, learning, reading, concentrating, thinking, communicating, and working.
Major Bodily Functions include, but are not limited to, functions of the immune system, normal cell growth, digestive, bowel, bladder, neurological, brain, respiratory, circulatory, endocrine, and reproductive functions.
The ADAAA includes in its coverage individuals who experience episodic conditions, or conditions in remission, which when active, would constitute a disabling condition. Further, there is a widely recognized list of per se disabilities that would typically result in that individual being considered an individual with a disability. The law favors broad coverage of disability status, and individuals with disabilities.