In January 2017, the USC Shoah Foundation added to the VHA five testimonies of survivors of the Cambodian Genocide. The Khmer Rouge held power in Cambodia for just under 45 months (April 1975-January 1979) and left 1.6–3 million Cambodian civilians dead through starvation, torture, execution, medical experiments, untreated diseases, forced marches, forced labor, and other forms of violence. However, even after 1979, the Khmer Rouge remained active in remote regions of the country; thus, fatalities may be higher than documented. The five testimonies were recorded by the USC Shoah Foundation in the United States in 2009, 2011, and 2015. Three are in English and two in Khmer (with English subtitles). All five interviewees witnessed first-hand the Khmer Rouge’s evacuation of the capital city Phnom Penh in April 1975, the forced marches that followed, and forced labor in horrific conditions in the northwest of the country.
Selected Indexing Terms
agricultural forced labor
Angkar (animist force)
attitudes toward aid or relief organizations
attitudes toward Cambodia and/or Cambodians
attitudes toward perpetrators
Battambang (Cambodia : Province)
bereavement-related psychological reactions
Buddhist clergy and monastics
Buddhist religious observances
Cambodia 1953 (October) - 1970 (March)
Cambodia 1970 (March) - 1975 (April)
Cambodia 1975 (April - December 31)
Cambodia 1975 (April) - 1979 (January)
Cambodia 1979 (January) - 1989
Cambodia 1993 (May) - 1997 (July)
Cambodia 1997 (July) - present
Cambodian Coup (1970)
Cambodian forced labor camps
Cambodian Genocide history
Cambodian Genocide testimony sharing willingness
Cambodian Genocide-era photographs (stills)
Cambodian Genocide-related psychological reactions
Cambodian government officials
Cambodian mobile brigades
deportation from Phnom Penh (Cambodia)
Evacuation of Phnom Penh (April 1975)
Fall of Phnom Penh (April 17, 1975)
Forces armées nationales Khmères
Kandal (Cambodia : Province)
Khao-I-Dang (Thailand : Refugee Camp)
Khmer Rouge personnel
Long Beach (California, USA)
loved ones' deaths
loved ones' separations
mass murder awareness
Mekong River (Asia)
migration from Cambodia
migration from Thailand
migration to Thailand
migration to the United States
Phnom Penh (Cambodia)
politico-military event awareness
post-Cambodian Genocide reflections
post-conflict family home returns
post-conflict visits home
post-traumatic stress syndrome
pre-Cambodian Genocide family photographs (stills)
refugee camp living conditions
refugee camp working life
S-21 (Phnom Penh, Cambodia : Prison)
tracing loved ones
waterway maintenance forced labor
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