A core principle of scholarly communication is identifying and differentiating individuals. Names can be difficult to use as identifiers-- two people can have the same name; someone might change their name during their lifetime- so many groups have created researcher identifier (ID) or research profiling systems. In these systems, you create a unique ID number and attach this ID to all of your research outputs (publications, data sets, etc.). This identifier stays the same throughout your career, even as you change jobs, gain degrees, change names, or move to other research areas.
Some of the most commonly-used identifiers in health and life sciences are listed here.
This researcher ID system was created by Clarivate, and provides unique IDs for authors whose works are indexed within the Web of Science database (a multidisciplinary database including articles, books, conference proceedings, and data sets). Register and "claim" your publications.
A researcher profile system for all individuals who apply for, receive or are associated with research investments from federal agencies. Created by the National Library of Medicine, and required for applications to some types of federal funding.
Scopus automatically creates author identifiers for any author whose works are indexed in the Scopus database (a multidisciplinary database including articles, books, conference proceedings, and data sets). Create a personal Scopus account to access this pre-created identification system.