SOWK 544: Clinical Social Work Practice with Individuals, Families, & Groups: Phases of Treatment

Research guide for students in the course SOWK 544. Principles Underlying generic social work practice with emphasis on working with individuals, families, and groups

Getting Started with Phases of Treatment

Phases of Treatment Documents

Identifying the key concepts in your research question will help you locate the most relevant material. To assist in developing your keywords, the documents under each tab will provide you with some key components for each phase of treatment.

Phases of Treatment

Engagement Phase:

  • The goal of engagement is to establish rapport and obtain information from the client. Consider their feelings, are they ambivalent, distrusting, etc.; are they seeking mandated or involuntary treatment?

Empathetic Responses

Affective Words and Phrases

Assessment Phase:

  • During this phase, a social worker must gather information relating to all facets of the client's life. Assessment is an ongoing process to be monitored as the client progresses, this assists in determining whether intervention has been effective and if the goals have been achieved.

Areas of Assessment Quick Guide

Culture and Diversity in Assessment Quick Guide

Basic Genogram Symbols

Basic Genogram Symbols

Treatment Phase:

  • The treatment phase refers to the time in which treatment is administered. This phase includes specific goals and instructions on how they work together. Treatment plans look different for every individual, even when two clients are struggling with the same issue.

Assessment and Theory Quick Guide

Intervention Phase:

  • The intervention phase involves both planning and implementing change strategies to impede or eradicate risk factors, mobilize protective factors, reduce or eradicate harm, and/or introduce betterment beyond harm eradication.


Evaluation Phase:

  • During the evaluation, the social worker and the client identify progress with indicators such as goal attainment scales, frequency counts, individualized or subjective rating scales, etc. to determine whether the evaluation data reflects progress toward goal attainment, no change, or a change in the wrong direction.

Outcome Rating