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APA Style 6th Edition: Citing Your Sources

Provide guidance on the APA format style based on the 6th edition of the APA Publication Manual.

Standard Format

Multimedia- Film, Video, Podcasts, and Photographs

Motion picture

Producer, A. A. (Producer), & Director, B. B. (Director).  (Year of publication).  Title of film [Format of source].  Country of origin: Studio

Music recording

Writer, A. A. (Copyright year).  Title of song [Recored by B. B. Artist if different from writer].  On Title of album [Medium of recording]  Location: Label.  (Date of recording if different from song copyright date)


Author Surname, First Initial. Second Initial. OR Author screen name. (Producer). (Year, Month Day {of podcast}). Title of podcast [Audio podcast]. Retrieved from URL

Artwork- Painting, photograph, statue, etc.

Artist Surname, First Initial. Second Initial. (Year). Title of the artwork [Format].  City, State: Location of exhibit/presentation/viewing

Online Image or visual artistic work

Artist Surname, First Initial. Second Initial. (Year). Title of the artwork [Format]. Retrieved from URL.

Various Examples

Motion Picture Film

Glotzer, L., Lester, D. V., Marvin, N. (Producers) & Darabont, F. (Director).  (1994).  The Shawshank redemption [DVD]. Burbank, CA: Warner Bros. Pictures.

Streaming film

Robbins, B., Lassiter, J., Smith, W. (Producers), & Johnson, S. (Director).  (2018).  To all the boys I’ve loved before [Video file].  Retrieved from

Single episode from a television series

Daniels, G., Kaling, M., Gervais, R., Merchant, S., (Writers), & Gordon, B. (Director).  (2006).  The injury [Television series episode].  In G. Daniels (Executive producer), The office.  Los Angeles, CA: National Broadcasting Company

Video blog (i.e. YouTube)

TED.  (2018, May 2).  How language shapes the way we think: Lera Boroditsky [Video file].  Retrieved from

Ted Talk (TED website)

Huang, C. (2018, October).  Chieh Huang: Confessions of a recovering micromanager [Video file].  Retrieved from


Boyle, T., & Kwerel, L. (Producers).  (2018, December 3).  Spoiler alert!  The psychology of surprise endings [Audio podcast].  Retrieved from

Online Image

Griffiths, L. (2018).  Paul Pogba of France kisses the World Cup trophy following during the 2018 FIFA World Cup Russia Final between France and Croatia at Luzhniki Stadium on July 15, 2018 in Moscow, Russia [Photograph].  Retrieved from

Print Photograph

Nadel, L.  (1951).  Poor housing [Photograph].  Los Angeles, CA: Housing Authority of the City of Los Angeles