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APA Style 6th Edition: Citing Your Sources

Provide guidance on the APA format style based on the 6th edition of the APA Publication Manual.

Standard Format

Print Book Format

Author Surname, First Initial. Second Initial. (Year of publication). Book title: Subtitle. City, State of Publication: Publisher.

eBook Format

Author Surname, First Initial. Second Initial. (year of publication).  Title of work: Subtitle of work.  [E-reader version, if applicable].  Retrieved from http://www.xxxxxx

OR

Author Surname, First Initial. Second Initial. (year of publication).  Title of work: Subtitle of work.  [E-reader version, if applicable].  doi: xxxxxx

Various Examples

 

One author

Richardson, V. (1999). Teaching gerontological social work: A compendium of model syllabi. Alexandria, VA: Council on Social Work Education.

Multiple authors

Shonkoff, J., & Phillips, D. (2000). From neurons to neighborhoods: The science of early childhood development. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press.

Organization/corporation as author

American Psychological Association.  (2013).  Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th ed.).  Washington, D.C.: American Psychological Association.

Chapter from an Edited Book

 

(Note: Citations of a chapter in an edited book include p. or pp. before the page numbers, all within parentheses.)

Rappaport, B. A. (1999). On-site school-based mental health clinics: 15 years of experience in Orange County, California. In A.H. Esman, & L. T. Flaherty, (Eds.), Adolescent psychiatry: Development and clinical studies, (pp. 91-100). Hillsdale, NJ: The Analytic Press.

No author

Merriam-Webster's collegiate dictionary (11th ed.). (2005). Springfield, MA: Merriam-Webster.

Multiple volumes from a multi-volume work (use Vols. for mulitple)

Wilson, C., Thomas, J., & Abadie, A. (2006). The new encyclopedia of Southern culture (Vols. 1-24). Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press.

Single volume from a multi-volume work (Use Vol. for single)

Wilson, C., & Mohr, C. (2011). The new encyclopedia of Southern culture (Vol. 17: Education). Chapel Hill: The University of North Carolina Press.

Edition other than the first

Adams, M. (2013). Readings for diversity and social justice (3rd ed.). New York, NY: Routledge Taylor & Francis Group.

Article in a reference book

Allen, A. L. (2004). Privacy in health care. In S. G. Post (Ed.), Encyclopedia of bioethics (pp.  111-122). New York, NY: Macmillan-Thomson.

Translation of works

Piaget, J. (1969).  The psychology of the child (H. Weaver, Trans.).  New York, NY: Basic Books.

eBook with one author, with identified e-reader version

Noble, S. U. (2018).  Algorithms of oppression: How search engines reinforce racism.  [Kindle DX version].  Retrieved from amazon.com

Chapter in an edited e-book without page numbers

Bronk, K. C., & Baumsteiger, R. (2017).  The role of purpose among emerging adults.  In L. M. Padilla-Walker & L. J. Nelson (Eds.) Flourishing in emerging adulthood: Positive development during the third decade of life.  doi: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190260637.003.0004  

DSM-5 eBook version

American Psychiatric Association.  (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th ed.). doi: https://doi-org.libproxy1.usc.edu/10.1176/appi.books.9780890425596

 

See Ch 7 pp. 202-205 APA Manual for more examples and formatting rules

Formatting

  • Italicize book titles
  • Utilize sentence case for book titles:
    • First word of the title and first word of the subtitle capitalized
    • Capitalize proper nouns
    • Every other word is lower case
  • Provide City and State of publication