Skip to main content

APA Style: Citing Your Sources

Standard Format

Print Book Format

Author Surname, First Initial. Second Initial. (Year of publication). Book title: Subtitle. City, State of Publication: Publisher.

eBook Format

Author Surname, First Initial. Second Initial. (year of publication).  Title of work: Subtitle of work.  [E-reader version, if applicable].  Retrieved from http://www.xxxxxx

OR

Author Surname, First Initial. Second Initial. (year of publication).  Title of work: Subtitle of work.  [E-reader version, if applicable].  doi: xxxxxx

Various Examples

 

One author

Richardson, V. (1999). Teaching gerontological social work: A compendium of model syllabi. Alexandria, VA: Council on Social Work Education.

Multiple authors

Shonkoff, J., & Phillips, D. (2000). From neurons to neighborhoods: The science of early childhood development. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press.

Organization/corporation as author

American Psychological Association.  (2013).  Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th ed.).  Washington, D.C.: American Psychological Association.

Chapter from an Edited Book

 

(Note: Citations of a chapter in an edited book include p. or pp. before the page numbers, all within parentheses.)

Rappaport, B. A. (1999). On-site school-based mental health clinics: 15 years of experience in Orange County, California. In A.H. Esman, & L. T. Flaherty, (Eds.), Adolescent psychiatry: Development and clinical studies, (pp. 91-100). Hillsdale, NJ: The Analytic Press.

No author

Merriam-Webster's collegiate dictionary (11th ed.). (2005). Springfield, MA: Merriam-Webster.

Multiple volumes from a multi-volume work (use Vols. for mulitple)

Wilson, C., Thomas, J., & Abadie, A. (2006). The new encyclopedia of Southern culture (Vols. 1-24). Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press.

Single volume from a multi-volume work (Use Vol. for single)

Wilson, C., & Mohr, C. (2011). The new encyclopedia of Southern culture (Vol. 17: Education). Chapel Hill: The University of North Carolina Press.

Edition other than the first

Adams, M. (2013). Readings for diversity and social justice (3rd ed.). New York, NY: Routledge Taylor & Francis Group.

Article in a reference book

Allen, A. L. (2004). Privacy in health care. In S. G. Post (Ed.), Encyclopedia of bioethics (pp.  111-122). New York, NY: Macmillan-Thomson.

Translation of works

Piaget, J. (1969).  The psychology of the child (H. Weaver, Trans.).  New York, NY: Basic Books.

eBook with one author, with identified e-reader version

Noble, S. U. (2018).  Algorithms of oppression: How search engines reinforce racism.  [Kindle DX version].  Retrieved from amazon.com

Chapter in an edited e-book without page numbers

Bronk, K. C., & Baumsteiger, R. (2017).  The role of purpose among emerging adults.  In L. M. Padilla-Walker & L. J. Nelson (Eds.) Flourishing in emerging adulthood: Positive development during the third decade of life.  doi: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190260637.003.0004  

DSM-5 eBook version

American Psychiatric Association.  (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th ed.). doi: https://doi-org.libproxy1.usc.edu/10.1176/appi.books.9780890425596

 

See Ch 7 pp. 202-205 APA Manual for more examples and formatting rules

Formatting

  • Italicize book titles
  • Utilize sentence case for book titles:
    • First word of the title and first word of the subtitle capitalized
    • Capitalize proper nouns
    • Every other word is lower case
  • Provide City and State of publication