What is the point of a citation?
Citations help the reader locate your sources, plain and simple. You need to ask yourself, could someone find this information in the future? A client's personal file would not need a citation because your reader cannot go find that information again. Census statistics would require a citation because your reader could go locate that information again.
APA requires FOUR ELEMENTS of every citation:
- Author of content
- Date content was published
- Title of content
- Publication information. This can be the website you got it from or the journal or book's publication information.
Follow this guide if any of those elements aren't available: http://blog.apastyle.org/apastyle/2012/05/missing-pieces.html
- USC Academic Integrity Tutorial
Academic Integrity at the University of Southern California is a tutorial presented by the USC Libraries in collaboration with USC’s Student Judicial Affairs and Community Standards. Students will now have 24/7 access to a 15-minute online tutorial that provides an overview of academic integrity at USC.
- Avoding Plagiarism: USC Library Lesson
This short, interactive tutorial, covers the basics of citations, quoting, and paraphrasing to help you avoid plagiarizing.
Use Crossref, a free site, to look up DOIs. The free DOI lookup searches for DOIs using information such as article title, authors, and publisher information.
Web-based citation managers that allow you to import references from text files, web sites or online databases.
Free to USC faculty, students and staff.
Use RefWorks to create bibliographies and put your citations into APA style format.
From computers connecting via wireless or off-campus, the USC Group Code is required. The group code is RWUSC.
- Guide to using RefWorks at USC
Zotero [zoh-TAIR-oh] is a free, easy-to-use Firefox extension to help you collect, manage, cite, and share your research sources. It lives right where you do your work—in the web browser itself.
This will run you through the basic requirements of APA formatting, including margins, headers, indentations, and page breaks.
Choose the APA example that is most like your source and follow that format. Sometimes you will need to combine elements of more than one reference format.
This entry from the APA Style blog has more information about what to do.
Slides from the latest APA Workshop.
- The Basics of APA Style
This tutorial is designed for those who have no previous knowledge of APA Style. It shows users how to structure and format their work, recommends ways to reduce bias in language, identifies how to avoid charges of plagiarism, shows how to cite references in text, and provides selected reference examples.
- What's New in the Sixth Edition
This tutorial provides an overview of key changes in the sixth edition of the Publication Manual, beginning with three overarching goals that guided the revision and ending with a detailed chapter-by-chapter list of new and expanded content.
Here's a sample paper provided by APA. For every style rule, there is a comment highlighted in the paper that tells you where to find the discussion of the rule in the APA Style Manual.
- Organizing Your Social Sciences Research Paper
The purpose of this Guide is to help you develop and organize a quality research paper for any class in the social sciences. Note that, if you have any questions about writing a research paper, you should always seek advice from your professor before you begin. Specific requirements for organizing and writing a research paper as stated by your professor will always supersede instructions provided in these general guidelines.