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Evaluating Information Sources

Tips on evaluating popular and scholarly articles, bias and propaganda in publishing, impact metrics and predatory publishing.

Reasons People Publish in Predatory Journals

There are a variety of reasons authors may publish in a predatory journal:

  • A mistake - they thought it was a legitimate journal
  • Need to publish something immediately (often for publish/perish reasons) - either because they already have other legitimate publications or because of a deadline
  • Couldn't get published in a legitimate journal - often because the data is incomplete or false (e.g., fake science, science focused on a specific point of view) or because the article didn't meet the requirements of other journals (e.g., a new science)

NIH Steps to Assist Authors

Consider before Publishing