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NLM Style: Citing Your Sources: Citing Print Documents

A brief guide to the NLM style rules

Published Print Documents

Print journal article

Sussaman S, Rohrbach LA, Spruijt-Metz D, Barnett E, Lisha N, Sun P. One-year prediction of pain killer use among at-risk older teens and emerging adults. J Drug Educ. 2012 Oct 16;42(2):195-210. 

Book

Straus, SE, Glasziou P, Richardson WS, Haynes RB. Evidence-based medicine: how to practice and teach it. 4th ed. Philadelphia: Churchill Livingstone; 2010. 312 p.

Edited book

Longo DL, Kasper DL, Jameson JL, Fauci AS, Hauser SL, Loscalzo J, editors. Harrison's principles of internal medicine. 18th ed. New York: McGraw-Hill Professional; c2012. 4012 p.

Part of book

Speroff L, Fritz MA. Clinical gynecologic endocrinology and infertility. 7th ed. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; c2005. Chapter 29, Endometriosis; p.1103-33.

Dissertation or thesis

Kempner JL. Aching heads, making medicine: gender and legitimacy in headache [dissertation]. [Philadelphia]: University of Pennsylvania; 2004. 271 p.

Conference proceeding

Pacak K, Aguilera G, Sabban E, Kvetnansky R, editors. Stress: current neuroendocrine and genetic approaches. 8th Symposium on Catecholamines and Other Neutrotransmitters in Stress; 2003 Jun 28 - Jul 3; Smolenice Castle, Slovakia. New York: New York Academy of Sciences; 2004 Jun. 590 p.

Patent

Myers K, Nguyen C, inventors; 3F Therapeutics, Inc., assignee. Prosthetic heart valve. United States patent US 6,911,043. 2005 Jun 28.

Newspaper article

Gaul G. When geography influences treatment options. Washington Post (Maryland Ed.). 2005 Jul 24:Sect. 1:12(col.1).

Prints and photographs

Day J. Dying before their time: early deaths & AIDS [poster]. Farmingham (CT): University of Connecticut School of Medicine, Section of Medical Arts & Letters; 1988. 1 poster: color, 14 x 21 in.

Unpublished Print Documents

Paper or poster session

Chasman J, Kaplan RF. The effects of occupation on preserved cognitive functioning in dementia. Poster session presented at: Excellence in clinical practice. 4th Annual Conference of the American Academy of Clinical Neuropsychology; 2006 Jun 15-17; Philadelphia, PA.

Forthcoming journal article

Laking G, Lord J, Fischer A. The economics of diagnosis. Health Econ. Forthcoming 2006.

Personal Communication

Patrias, Karen. (Public Services Division, National Library of Medicine, Bethesda, MD). Conversation with: Margaret Madison (Reference Department, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Little Rock, AR). 2005 Nov 3.

Don't see examples of what you're looking for?

Refer to Citing Medicine for more examples and guidance regarding NLM style.  

Cheat Sheet (PDF)