Skip to Main Content

Exiled German-speaking intellectuals in Southern California: Ludwig Marcuse

During the 1930s and 1940s, many German Jews and intellectuals fled Nazi Germany. This LibGuide provides information about German-speaking intellectuals who found refuge in Southern California

Ludwig Marcuse

Ludwig Marcuse (1894-1971)

Ludwig Marcuse worked as a theater critic in the 1920s in Berlin and Frankfurt. Marcuse also wrote philosophical essays and several biographies, including Georg Bücher (1922), Strindberg (1922) and Heinrich Heine (1933). His autobiography, Mein zwanzigstes Jahrhundert, was published in 1960.

In the mid 20s Marcuse met and married Erna (Sascha) Reich. In 1933 the Marcuses were forced to flee Nazi Germany, living first in Sanary, Southern France, then escaping in 1939 to the United States. They stayed briefly in New York before traveling to Los Angeles. Marcuse became an American citizen in 1944, a year later he began teaching German literature and German philosophy at the University of Southern California. In 1961 Marcuse retired from USC and the following year returned with his wife to Germany.

In Los Angeles the Marcuses lived at several addresses: 340 N. Oakhurst (shown above left) in Beverly Hills, 1870 Benedict Canyon Road in Hollywood, and 451 San Vicente Boulvevard (shown above right) in Santa Monica.

Years in Southern California: 1939-1962.


Autorenlexikon deutschsprachiger Literatur des 20. Jahrhunderts. Edited by Manfred Brauneck. Reinbeck bei Hamburg: Rowohlt, 1991.

Briefe von und an Ludwig Marcuse. Edited by Harold von Hofe. Zürich: Diogenes, 1975.

Subject Guide

Profile Photo
Michaela Ullmann
Michaela Ullmann Head, Instruction & Assessment