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The Monsters Are Real! SEL Fall Exhibit: Cryptids, Aliens, Miscellaneous Monsters

The Science behind our favorite Halloween Monsters; “Monsters are real, and ghosts are real too. They live inside us, and sometimes, they win.” ― Stephen King

Cryptids, Aliens, Miscellaneous Monsters

Cryptids, Aliens, and Miscellaneous Monsters


“Definition of cryptid: an animal (such as Sasquatch or the Loch Ness Monster) that has been claimed to exist but never proven to exist” (

Most famous among the cryptids are

  • Loch Ness Monster
  • Sasquatch/Bigfoot/Yeti
  • Mothman
  • Chupacabra
  • Dover Demon
  • Jersey Devil
  • Michigan Dogman
  • Skunk ape/Swamp Ape/Florida Bigfoot
  • Thunderbird



  • UFOs
  • Crop Circles
  • Abductions
  • Roswell Incident
  • Area 51

Miscellaneous Monsters



  • The Invisible Man
  • Cyclops           
  • Griffins
  • Giants                                                            
  • Mermaids/Sirens
  • Dragons                              


References and Recommended Further Reading

Bibliography and Reommended Further Reading

“Alien Invasions.” Salmagundi: a Quarterly of the Humanities & Social Sciences., no. 194,

Alù, Andrea. “Mantle Cloak: Invisibility Induced by a Surface.” Physical Review B, covering condensed matter and materials physics, American Physical Society, 2009,

“Area 51 Fast Facts.” CNN, Cable News Network, 4 Aug. 2022,

Bartholomew, Robert E. The Untold Story of Champ a Social History of America’s Loch Ness Monster. State University of New York Press/Excelsior Editions, 2012.

Bauer, Henry H. "The case for the Loch Ness monster: the scientific evidence." Journal of Scientific Exploration 16.2 (2002): 225-246.

 ---    “Loch Ness Monsters as Cryptid (presently Unknown) Sea Turtles.” Journal of Scientific Exploration, vol. 34, no. 1, 2020, pp. 93–104,

Blitz, Matt. “The Real Story behind the Myth of Area 51, America's Most Famous Top-Secret Military Base.” Popular Mechanics, Hearst Digital Media, 14 Oct. 2022,

Briggs, Amy. “The Devil Went down to ... New Jersey?” History, National Geographic, 26 Oct. 2022,

Buhs, Joshua Blu. Bigfoot : The Life and Times of a Legend. University of Chicago Press, 2009.

Carey, Teresa. “Scientists May Have Found the Secret to Invisibility.” Freethink:  Inventions, Freethink, 7 July 2021,

“Cryptids Proven to Be Real Give Us Hope for These 5 Others.” Gaia, Gaia, 7 Feb. 2020,

Daegling, David J. Bigfoot Exposed : An Anthropologist Examines America’s Enduring Legend. AltaMira Press, 2004.

Davis, Leecy. “Seven Species That Used to Be Cryptids.” ScIU, Indiana University Bloomington, 17 Dec. 2020,

Dendle, Peter. “Cryptozoology in the Medieval and Modern Worlds.” Folklore, vol. 117, no. 2, 2006, pp. 190–206. JSTOR,

DeVito, Carl L. Science, SETI and Mathematics. 1st ed., Berghahn Books, 2013.

Ellis Richard. No Turning Back : The Life and Death of Animal Species. 1st ed. HarperCollins 2004.

Frazier, Kendrick. “Roswell Myth Lives on despite the Established Facts.” Albuquerque Journal, 16 July 2017,

Heuvelmans, Bernard, and Peter Gwynvay Hopkins. Bernard Heuvelmans’ The Natural History of Hidden Animals. Kegan Paul, 2007.

Hurn, Samantha. Anthropology and Cryptozoology: Researching Encounters with Mysterious Creatures. Routledge, 2016.

Janos, Adam. “What Really Happened at Roswell?”, A&E Television Networks, 18 Dec. 2019,

Jylkka, Katja. “‘Witness the Plesiosaurus’: Geological Traces and the Loch Ness Monster Narrative.” Configurations (Baltimore, Md.), vol. 26, no. 2, 2018, pp. 207–34,

Killgrove, Kristina. “Can a Human Cyclops Exist? Historians, Paleontologists, and 'Ancient Aliens' Weigh In.” Forbes, Forbes Magazine, 26 Sept. 2017,

Laviera, Tato. “Puerto Rico’s Chupacabra.” Afro-Hispanic Review, vol. 25, no. 2, 2006, pp. 179–82. JSTOR,

Lima, Lucas. “Samotherium, the Transitional Fossil Giraffe Relative from Greece.” Edited by Franz Anthony, Earth Archives, Royal Society, 2017,

Long, Greg. The Making of Bigfoot : The inside Story. Prometheus Books, 2004.

Loxton, Daniel, and Donald R. Prothero. Abominable Science!: Origins of the Yeti, Nessie, and Other Famous Cryptids. Columbia University Press, 2013. JSTOR,

Mart, T. S., and Mel Cabre. A Guide to Sky Monsters: Thunderbirds, the Jersey Devil, Mothman, and Other Flying Cryptids. Red Lightning Books, 2021.

Mayell, Hillary. “Cyclops Myth Spurred by 'One-Eyed' Fossils?” Science, National Geographic, 3 May 2021,

Mayor, Adrienne. The First Fossil Hunters: Dinosaurs, Mammoths, and Myth in Greek and Roman Times, Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2011.

Mayor, Adrienne, and Michael Heaney. “Griffins and Arimaspeans.” Folklore, vol. 104, no. 1/2, 1993, pp. 40–66. JSTOR,

Meredith, Dennis L. Search at Loch Ness : The Expedition of the New York Times and the Academy of Applied Science. Quadrangle/New York Times Book Co., 1977.

Ni, Xingjie, et al. “An Ultrathin Invisibility Skin Cloak for Visible Light.” Science (American Association for the Advancement of Science), vol. 349, no. 6254, 2015, pp. 1310–14.

 Pyle, Robert Michael. Where Bigfoot Walks : Crossing the Dark Divide. Houghton Mifflin, 1995.

Radford, Benjamin, and Joe Nickell. Lake Monster Mysteries : Investigating the World’s Most Elusive Creatures. University Press of Kentucky, 2006.

Saleen, Martin. "The real Loch Ness monster? Researchers make unusual freshwater fossil find." USA Today (Online), Aug 01, 2022. ProQuest,

Schuttler, Stephanie. “Black Panthers: Cats of Mistaken Identity.” EMammal, North Carolina Museum of Natural Sciences, 8 Jan. 2017,,cougar%20and%20black%20panther%20sightings.

Simpson, George Gaylord. “Mammals and Cryptozoology.” Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society, vol. 128, no. 1, 1984, pp. 1–19. JSTOR,

Smith, Kerri. “PastCast: Carl Sagan Uses Galileo to Search for Signs of Life.” Nature (London), 2019,

Story, Ronald. The Space-Gods Revealed: a Close Look at the Theories of Erich von Däniken. 1st ed., Harper & Row, 1976.

Sykes, Bryan C., et al. “Genetic Analysis of Hair Samples Attributed to Yeti, Bigfoot and Other Anomalous Primates.” Proceedings: Biological Sciences, vol. 281, no. 1789, 2014, pp. 1–3. JSTOR,

  ---    “Correction to: Genetic Analysis of Hair Samples Attributed to Yeti, Bigfoot and Other Anomalous Primates.” Proceedings: Biological Sciences, vol. 282, no. 1808, 2015, pp. 1–1. JSTOR,

Than, Ker. “Rumor or Reality: The Creatures of Cryptozoology.” LiveScience, Purch, 21 Dec. 2010,

Underwood, Phillip J. Cryptid, The University of Southern Mississippi, Ann Arbor, 2010. ProQuest,