Giving a presentation can be stressful under the best of circumstances. However, the effective use of presentation software to organize and structure the content of your work can help ease your anxiety. Here are a few things to keep in mind.
Tips for Using Presentation Software Effectively:
Visual Guidelines for Presentation Slides
Pictures or other illustrations are used for the following reasons:
NOTE: The use of funny cartoons, silly pictures, or other attention-grabbing graphics can help your audience feel more comfortable and engaged by adding some humor to your presentation. However, don't over do it! Under most circumstances, there will be a level of professionalism expected in how you present your work. This doesn't mean that your presentation should be bland and tedious, but always keep in mind that funny graphics are no substitute for good content; overdoing it can distract to the point of annoying your audience [think of it as a person who tells the same joke over and over again].
Text Guidelines for Presentation Slides
Below are basic guidelines to remember when composing your presentation slides. Most of this is common sense, but cutting and pasting text, moving things around, and revising content over time can create errors, so keep these general guidelines in mind when reviewing the final draft of your presentation.
NOTE: Strategies to highlight a particular point during your presentation include capitalizing text, bolding text, or using a bright [but readable] color to contrast against the regular text. It's also appropriate to use italics to convey a direct quote. However, follow the general rule that less is more; use short declarative statements or as few words as possible to convey the meaning of what you are saying.
Handouts are a great idea if your audience isn't too big, but you don't want to spend a lot of time distributing handouts or having audience members distracting each other while they pass around a pile of handouts. If you do use handouts, think about whether you want to distribute them before or after your presentation. It is always good idea to include space on the handout for people to take notes and to include a list of references and your contact information so that people can review them later or contact you if needed. You could also include some follow-up questions for discussion in your handouts [they can be referred to after the presentation to prompt questions from the audience or to spark a discussion]. Finally, staple or attach multiple pages of a handout before distributing so audience members aren't distracting themselves with trying to count whether they've got all the pages.
Using the Whiteboard
If there is a whiteboard behind you, put your name and contact information on the whiteboard. However, do this before your talk begins because writing on a board is time-consuming and you will have to turn your back on the audience and break your eye contact, which is never a good idea. If you must use a whiteboard at other points during the presentation, come prepared with the right pens [black or dark blue] and write in large, legible handwriting so that people can read it from a distance [it is best to print rather than using cursive]. And, of course, remember to write things off to the side so you don't block people's view of what you just wrote while you're speaking!
Know the Space
If possible, know the room from the front before you have to give your presentation. The front of a classroom or auditorium feels different from where you are normally used to sitting as a student. Also, if necessary, check the lighting so you avoid fiddling with the lights before your presentation. If available, it's best to darken the lighting above you but keep the lights lit above the audience; the contrast helps your audience read the slides by eliminating glare. It is also useful to sit at the very back of the room to get a sense of how loud you should talk and how big you should write if you write anything on a whiteboard behind you.
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