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In honor of Black History Month and International Women's Day 2017, the Seaver Science and Engineering Library, has created a display illuminating the three women who have become the focus of the bestselling book by Margot Shetterly, (find it in our library here) and the Academy Award nominated and Golden Globe winning film, these important African-American women finally are being recognized for the incredible work they contributed to space exploration and mathematics over their varied careers. The display for Revealing Hidden Figures: Meet the Women Who Put Man on the Moon, while showcasing Katherine Johnson, Dorothy Vaughan, and Mary Jackson and their contributions to not only John Glenn's successful Friendship 7 launch into orbit, but also other contributions they made throughout their lengthy careers
(Photo courtesy of NASA)
The display also includes the women of NASA today and the influence and legacy of these three important historical figures who are only now becoming part of the historical narrative.
Please be sure to come by and look at our exhibit while you can.
For those who may have missed it, it is documented below:
(Images and content courtesy of NASA)
Katherine Johnson (1918 – )
(Circa 1980, image courtesy of NASA)
Born August 26, 1918 in White Sulphur Springs, WV. Incredibly intelligent from an early age, she enrolled in the historically black West Virginia State College at the age of eighteen. It was in college that she first became interested in mathematics.
West Virginia integrated its graduate schools in 1939 and Katherine Johnson was selected by the university’s president Dr. John W. Davis, along with two male students, as the first black students to be offered to attend West Virginia University. Although she left graduate school to start a family, in 1952 she discovered open positions at the all-black West Area Computing section at the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics’ (NACA’s) Langley laboratory, headed by Dorothy Vaughan.
Katherine Johnson was assigned to work on John Glenn’s NASA orbital mission in 1962. Johnson was brought in to double-check the math equations that had been programmed into the computers to ensure that the flight would be a safe one. Johnson checked the computers calculations by hand and the Friendship 7 mission was a great success!
Mary Jackson (1921 – 2005)
(Image courtesy of NASA)
Born April 9, 1921 in Hampton, VA, she graduated from Hampton Institute in 1942 with a dual degree in Math and Physical Sciences and after several other jobs, eventually took a position at the Langley Memorial Aeronautical Laboratory’s segregated West Area Computing section in 1951, where Dorothy Vaughan was her supervisor.
Jackson was offered the opportunity to enroll in a training program where she could be promoted from mathematician to engineer. Jackson completed all of the after-work, segregated courses and earned her promotion in 1958, becoming NASA’s first black female engineer. In fact, she might have been the only black female aeronautical engineer in the entire field!
Dorothy Vaughan (1910 – 2008)
(Image courtesy of Daily Press)
Born on September 20, 1910 in Kansas City, MO, Vaughan started at the Langley Memorial Aeronautical Laboratory in 1943, in the segregated “West Area Computing” unit where black female mathematicians worked.
In 1949, Dorothy Vaughan was promoted to lead the group, making her the NACA’s first black supervisors! Vaughan led the West Computing division for nearly a decade and in 1958, NACA transitioned to become NASA, and the facilities became racially and gender-integrated group of employees.