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A DOI is the Digital Object Identifier for a digital document. They are used in citations as a stable location for an electronic article, as web addresses often change.
When you've found an article in a database you want to cite, you can typically find the DOI near the abstract, as seen below:
The following formats apply to all journals, periodicals, magazines, newspapers, etc. whether you found them in an online database or search engine, or in print.
Note: Volume, issue and page numbers in periodicals:
Continuous pagination throughout a volume: only cite the volume number (in italics), followed by a comma and then the page numbers: 20, 344-367.
When each volume begins with new pagination, i.e. page 1, indicate the issue number in parentheses after the volume, followed by a comma and the page numbers: 51 (3), 23-33. See below for more examples.
If a DOI has been assigned to the article that you are using, you should include this after the page numbers for the article. If no DOI has been assigned and you are accessing the periodical online, use the URL of the website from which you are retrieving the periodical.
Author, A. A., Author, B. B. & Author, C. C. (yyyy). Title of article. Title of Periodical, volume (issue), pp-pp. DOI
Land, H. (1994). AIDS and women of color. Families in Society, 75(3), 355-361.
Wagner, R., Van Reyk, P., & Spence, N. (2001). Improving the working environment for workers in children’s welfare agencies. Child & Family Social Work, 6(2), 161-178.
Quittner, J. (1998, June 15). Tell the kids to fib: A U.S. agency says laws are needed to protect children’s privacy online. Time, 151, 86.
Newspaper Articles (Note: Newspaper citations include p. or pp. before the page numbers, or have the URL to the article if retrieved online.)
Logan, T. (2014, December 21). Highland Park residents feel the squeeze of gentrification. The Los Angeles Times. Retrieved from http://www.latimes.com/business/realestate/la-fi-highland-park-renters-20141221-story.html
Use Crossref, a free site, to look up DOIs. The free DOI lookup searches for DOIs using information such as article title, authors, and publisher information.
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